This information is not for clinical use. These highlights do not include all the information needed to use Neoprofen safely and effectively. Before taking Neoprofen please consult with your doctor. See full prescribing information for Neoprofen.

Indications And Usage

NeoProfen is indicated to close a clinically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants weighing between 500 and 1500 g, who are no more than 32 weeks gestational age when usual medical management (e.g., fluid restriction, diuretics, respiratory support, etc.) is ineffective. The clinical trial was conducted among infants with an asymptomatic PDA. However, the consequences beyond 8 weeks after treatment have not been evaluated; therefore, treatment should be reserved for infants with clear evidence of a clinically significant PDA. NeoProfen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug indicated to close a clinically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in premature infants weighing between 500 and 1500 g, who are no more than 32 weeks gestational age when usual medical management is ineffective. The clinical trial was conducted among infants with an asymptomatic PDA. However, the consequences beyond 8 weeks after treatment have not been evaluated; therefore, treatment should be reserved for infants with clear evidence of a clinically significant PDA. (1)

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Dosage Forms And Strengths

20 mg/2 mL (10 mg/mL) as a clear sterile preservative-free solution of the L-lysine salt of ibuprofen in a 2 mL single-use vial. 20 mg/2 mL (10 mg/mL) as a clear sterile preservative-free solution of the L-lysine salt of ibuprofen in a 2 mL single-use vial (3)

Contraindications

NeoProfen is contraindicated in: Preterm infants with proven or suspected infection that is untreated; Preterm infants with congenital heart disease in whom patency of the PDA is necessary for satisfactory pulmonary or systemic blood flow (e.g., pulmonary atresia, severe tetralogy of Fallot, severe coarctation of the aorta); Preterm infants who are bleeding, especially those with active intracranial hemorrhage or gastrointestinal bleeding; Preterm infants with thrombocytopenia; Preterm infants with coagulation defects; Preterm infants with or who are suspected of having necrotizing enterocolitis; Preterm infants with significant impairment of renal function. NeoProfen is contraindicated in preterm infants: With proven or suspected infection that is untreated (4) With congenital heart disease in whom patency of the PDA is necessary for satisfactory pulmonary or systemic blood flow (4) With impaired renal function (4) With thrombocytopenia, coagulation defects or who are bleeding (4) With or who are suspected of having necrotizing enterocolitis (4)

Warning and Cautions

5.1 General There are no long-term evaluations of the infants treated with ibuprofen at durations greater than the 36 weeks post-conceptual age observation period. Ibuprofen’s effects on neurodevelopmental outcome and growth as well as disease processes associated with prematurity (such as retinopathy of prematurity and chronic lung disease) have not been assessed. 5.2 Infection NeoProfen may alter the usual signs of infection. The physician must be continually on the alert and should use the drug with extra care in the presence of controlled infection and in infants at risk of infection. 5.3 Platelet Aggregation NeoProfen, like other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, can inhibit platelet aggregation. Preterm infants should be observed for signs of bleeding. Ibuprofen has been shown to prolong bleeding time (but within the normal range) in normal adult subjects. This effect may be exaggerated in patients with underlying hemostatic defects (see CONTRAINDICATIONS). 5.4 Bilirubin Displacement Ibuprofen has been shown to displace bilirubin from albumin binding-sites; therefore, it should be used with caution in patients with elevated total bilirubin. 5.5 Administration NeoProfen should be administered carefully to avoid extravascular injection or leakage, as solution may be irritating to tissue. NeoProfen has not been assessed for neurodevelopmental outcome and growth (5.1) NeoProfen may alter the usual signs of infection (5.2) NeoProfen can inhibit platelet aggregation, and has been shown to prolong bleeding time in normal adult subjects (5.3) Ibuprofen has been shown to displace bilirubin from albumin binding-sites (5.4) NeoProfen should be administered carefully to avoid extravascular injection or leakage (5.5)

Adverse Reactions

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience The most frequently reported adverse events with NeoProfen were as shown in Table 1. 6.2 Renal Function Compared to placebo, there was a small decrease in urinary output in the ibuprofen group on days 2-6 of life, with a compensatory increase in urine output on day 9. In other studies, adverse events classified as renal insufficiency including oliguria, elevated BUN, elevated creatinine, or renal failure were reported in ibuprofen treated infants. 6.3 Additional Adverse Events The adverse events reported in the multicenter study and of unknown association include tachycardia, cardiac failure, abdominal distension, gastroesophageal reflux, gastritis, ileus, inguinal hernia, injection site reactions, cholestasis, various infections, feeding problems, convulsions, jaundice, hypotension, and various laboratory abnormalities including neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and hyperglycemia. 6.4 Post-marketing Experience The following adverse reactions have been identified from spontaneous post-marketing reports or published literature: gastrointestinal perforation, necrotizing enterocolitis, and pulmonary hypertension. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency, or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure. Most common adverse reactions (≥10%) are sepsis, anemia, intraventricular bleeding, apnea, gastrointestinal disorders, impaired renal function, respiratory infection, skin lesions, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia, respiratory failure. (6) To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Recordati Rare Diseases at 1-888-575-8344, or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch. Table 1

Drug Interactions

Diuretics: Ibuprofen may reduce the effect of diuretics; diuretics can increase the risk of nephrotoxicity of NSAIDs in dehydrated patients. Monitor renal function in patients receiving concomitant diuretics. Amikacin: Ibuprofen may decrease the clearance of amikacin. Diuretics: Increased risk of renal dysfunction. (7)

Use In Specific Populations

8.4 Pediatric Use Safety and effectiveness have only been established in premature infants.